Published by University of New Mexico Press
Spatial analysis reaches across all the subdisciplines of anthropology. A cultural anthropologist, for example, can use such analysis to trace the extent of distinctive cultural practices; an archaeologist can use it to understand the organization of ancient irrigation systems; a primatologist to quantify the density of primate nesting sites; a paleoanthropologist to explore vast fossil-bearing landscapes.Arguing that geospatial analysis holds great promise for much anthropological inquiry, the contributors have designed this volume to show how the powerful tools of GIScience can be used to benefit a variety of research programs. This volume brings together scholars who are currently applying state-of-the-art tools, techniques, and methods of geographical information sciences (GIScience) to diverse data sets of anthropological interest. Their questions crosscut the typical “silos” that so often limit scholarly communication among anthropologists and instead recognize a deep structural similarity between the kinds of questions anthropologists ask, the data they collect, and the analytical models and paradigms they each use.
List of IllustrationsChapter One. Geospatial Anthropology: Integrating Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Sciences into Anthropological Fieldwork and Analysis Robert L. Anemone and Glenn C. ConroyChapter Two. Ongoing Developments in Geospatial Data, Software, and Hardware with Prospects for Anthropological Applications Charles W. Emerson and Robert L. AnemoneChapter Three. Geospatial Approaches to Hominid Paleontology in Africa: What’s Old, What’s New, and What Doesn’t Change Leslea J. HluskoChapter Four. Assessing Unsupervised Image Classification as an Aid in Paleoanthropological Explorations Glenn C. Conroy, Amy Chew, Kenneth D. Rose, Thomas M. Bown, Robert L. Anemone, and Gregg F. GunnellChapter Five. Taking Virtual Anthropology to the Field: Building Three-Dimensional Digital Outcrop Models of Fossil Localities Robert L. Anemone, Charles W. Emerson, Tyler W. Jones, Junshan Liu, and Cory HendersonChapter Six. Tooth Surface Topography: A Scale-Sensitive Approach with Implications for Inferring Dental Adaptation and Diet Peter S. UngarChapter Seven. Classifying Land Cover on Very High Resolution Drone-Acquired Orthomosaics Serge A. Wich, Lian Pin Koh, and Zoltan SzantoiChapter Eight. Understanding the Ecological Decision-Making of Tiwanaku Pastoralists through Geospatial Agent-Based Models Benjamin Vining and Sara BurnsChapter Nine. Pastoralist Participation (PastPart): A Model of Mobility and Connectivity across the Inner Asian Mountain Corridor Michael D. Frachetti, C. Evan Smith, and Cody CoppChapter Ten. Modeling Archaeological Landscape Transformations in Early Andean Empires Patrick Ryan Williams, Ana Cristina Londoño, and Megan HartChapter Eleven. PaleoCore: An Open-Source Platform for Geospatial Data Integration in Paleoanthropology Denné N. Reed, W. Andrew Barr, and John KappelmanReferencesList of ContributorsIndex