Global West, American Frontier
Travel, Empire, and Exceptionalism from Manifest Destiny to the Great Depression
Published by: University of New Mexico Press
Winner of the 2014 Western Heritage Award for Nonfiction from the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum
This thoughtful examination of a century of travel writing about the American West overturns a variety of popular and academic stereotypes. Looking at both European and American travelers' accounts of the West, from de Tocqueville's Democracy in America to William Least Heat-Moon's Blue Highways, David Wrobel offers a counter narrative to the nation's romantic entanglement with its western past and suggests the importance of some long-overlooked authors, lively and perceptive witnesses to our history who deserve new attention.
Prior to the professionalization of academic disciplines, the reading public gained much of its knowledge about the world from travel writing. Travel writers found a wide and respectful audience for their reports on history, geography, and the natural world, in addition to reporting on aboriginal cultures before the advent of anthropology as a discipline. Although in recent decades western historians have paid little attention to travel writing, Wrobel demonstrates that this genre in fact offers an important and rich understanding of the American West--one that extends and complicates a simple reading of the West that promotes the notions of Manifest Destiny or American exceptionalism.
Wrobel finds counterpoints to the mythic West of the nineteenth century in such varied accounts as George Catlin's Adventures of the Ojibbeway and Ioway Indians in England, France, and Belgium (1852), Richard Francis Burton's The City of the Saints (1861), and Mark Twain's Following the Equator (1897), reminders of the messy and contradictory world that people navigated in the past much as they do in the present. His book is a testament to the instructive ways in which the best travel writers have represented the West.
"In this perceptive, splendidly researched book David Wrobel upends enduring impressions of the army of travelers who wrote about the American West. Rather than dewey-eyed innocents caught up in the mythic West, many were surprisingly shrewd observers who understood that the place they saw emerging, as well as their own travels, were part of a global story of exploration and empire-building. Full of intriguing characters and revelatory moments, it is itself an eye-opening trip into the well-traveled West."--Elliott West, author of The Way to the West
"A provocative, revealing book overflowing with new information and fresh insights. Illustrates once again why Wrobel is at the top of the list of cultural-intellectual historians interpreting the American West."--Richard W. Etulain, author of Beyond the Missouri: The Story of the American West