Yoruba Traditions and African American Religious Nationalism
472 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in, 32 halftones
- 9780826350763 | March 2014
- 9780826350770 | May 2012 (Adobe Digital Editions)
Exploring the Yoruba tradition in the United States, Hucks begins with the story of Nana Oseijeman Adefunmi's personal search for identity and meaning as a young man in Detroit in the 1930s and 1940s. She traces his development as an artist, religious leader, and founder of several African-influenced religio-cultural projects in Harlem and later in the South. Adefunmi was part of a generation of young migrants attracted to the bohemian lifestyle of New York City and the black nationalist fervor of Harlem. Cofounding Shango Temple in 1959, Yoruba Temple in 1960, and Oyotunji African Village in 1970, Adefunmi and other African Americans in that period renamed themselves "Yorubas" and engaged in the task of transforming Cuban Santería into a new religious expression that satisfied their racial and nationalist leanings and eventually helped to place African Americans on a global religious schema alongside other Yoruba practitioners in Africa and the diaspora.
Alongside the story of Adefunmi, Hucks weaves historical and sociological analyses of the relationship between black cultural nationalism and reinterpretations of the meaning of Africa from within the African American community.
"A mature and brilliant study that provides the basis for theory and method for the study of religions of African derivation in the New World."--Charles Long, professor emeritus, Department of Religious Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, and series editor, Religions of the Americas Series
"An invaluable contribution to scholarship of the Oyotunji community, to scholarship of African American religion, and to scholarship of the phenomenon of American religion more generally. Hucks ably relates a history that is central to an appreciation of the roots and varieties of contemporary African American religiosity."--Rachel Harding, Department of Ethnic Studies, University of Colorado, Denver