Archaeology and Southwest

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Oshara Revisited: The Archaic Period in Northern New Mexico

Nicholas Chapin

In this volume, Nick Chapin presents his investigation of the sites investigated by Cynthia Irwin-Williams between 1966 and 1973 and again in the early 1980s as part of the Anasazi Origins Project in northwestern New Mexico. Her primary goal was to determine the cultural and temporal history of use in that region by Archaic hunter-gatherers, with a focus on subsistence, technology, and demography. She defined this as the Oshara Tradition, but, regrettably, she never completed a final report on her research. Nick devoted several years of research into the collections and archival records she amassed. This monograph presents an up-to-date synthesis of that research, framed in contemporary theoretical and methodological terms. It concludes by situating the Oshara Tradition in a region-wide context, underscoring its importance and continuing relevance for contemporary Archaic period research in the Southwest.


Nicholas Chapin began working as an archaeologist over thirty years ago. He has worked extensively in the desert west of North America and currently lives in San Francisco, California. He specializes in the study of lithic technologies, the American Southwest, and hunter-gatherer subsistence and settlement.

Published By Maxwell Museum of Anthropology

8.5 x 11 in. 264 pages 31 black and white photographs, 6 illustrations, 19 maps, 15 diagrams