Latin America •  History and Religion

$55.00 hardcover
978-0-8263-5460-0

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Jesuit Student Groups, the Universidad Iberoamericana, and Political Resistance in Mexico, 1913-1979


David Espinosa

The history of Mexico in the twentieth century is marked by conflict between church and state. This book focuses on the efforts of the Roman Catholic Church to influence Mexican society through Jesuit-led organizations such as the Mexican Catholic Youth Association, the National Catholic Student Union, and the Universidad Iberoamericana. Dedicated to the education and indoctrination of Mexico’s middle- and upper-class youth, these organizations were designed to promote conservative Catholic values. The author shows that they left a very different imprint on Mexican society, training a generation of activists who played important roles in politics and education. Ultimately, Espinosa shows, the social justice movement that grew out of Jesuit education fostered the leftist student movement of the 1960s that culminated in the Tlatelolco massacre of 1968. This study demonstrates the convergence of the Church, Mexico’s new business class, and the increasingly pro-capitalist PRI, the party that has ruled Mexico in recent decades.

Espinosa’s archival research has led him to important but long-overlooked events like the student strike of 1944, the internal upheavals of the Church over liberation theology, and the complicated relations between the Jesuits and the conservative business class. His book offers vital new perspectives for scholars of education, politics, and religion in twentieth-century Mexico.


ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS

David Espinosa is an associate professor of history at Rhode Island College.

ACCLAIM

“Espinosa’s insightful book is a methodical history of Mexico’s premiere Catholic institution of higher learning.”

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Catholic Historical Review



“Espinosa provides a clearly written analysis of the influence of Jesuit organizations and the Catholic laity in Mexican society during a critical juncture of church-state relations in the twentieth century.”

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Hispanic American Historical Review




6 x 9 in. 208 pages